DISCOVERIES REPORTS (ISSN 2393249X), 2021, volume 4

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CITATION: Waleed MS, Bhatt KP, Fatima FN, Mathew A, Domingo PIM, Patel MH, Singh BM. Role of Chest Imaging in Diagnosis and Management of COVID-19. Discoveries Reports, 2021; 4: e20. DOI: 10.15190/drep.2021.5  Submitted: Mar. 31, 2021; Revised: May 08, 2021; Accepted: May 08, 2021; Published: June 30, 2021; 

Role of Chest Imaging in Diagnosis and Management of COVID-19 

Madeeha Subhan Waleed (1,*), Kinal Paresh Bhatt (2), Farwah N. Fatima (3), Anoopa Mathew (4), Paz Ines M. Domingo (5), Mehrie H. Patel (6), Bishnu M. Singh (7)

(1) Ayub Medical College, 22040, Abbottabad, Pakistan
(2) Larkin Health System, 33143, South Miami, FL, USA
(3) Lahore Medical and Dental College,53400, Lahore, Pakistan
(4) K.S. Hegde Medical Academy, 575018, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India
(5) University of the East Ramon Magsaysay Memorial Medical Center, 1113, Quezon City, Philippines
(6) Pramukhswami Medical College, 388325, Gujarat, India
(7) Hetauda City Hospital, 44107, Hetauda, Nepal

* Corresponding author: Madeeha Subhan Waleed MBBS, Ayub Medical College, 22040, Abbottabad, Pakistan; Email: madeehas99@gmail.com; Phone:00923335634888.

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic is a serious global health threat. The standard gold test for detecting COVID -19 is a real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of viral nucleic acid. There are different specific and nonspecific diagnostic tests available for COVID-19. The use of imaging in COVID-19 is considered a specific diagnostic test and is stratified based on the severity of the disease. Chest radiographs of COVID-19 patients are usually insensitive to detecting COVID-19 in the early stage. They may have some utility, with the potential to serve as a screening tool on the frontlines in medical settings with limited resources. CT (computerized tomography) scans have greater sensitivity and are used in disease staging. They are a good indicator of the infection in patients with negative viral testing or chest X-ray results, when clinical findings are still serious concerns for COVID-19. However, meticulous equipment decontamination is required to reduce any chance of viral contamination and spread across patients and facility staff. It is salient to utilize the advantages of different imaging modalities in the wrestle against COVID-19. The mounting prevalence of COVID-19 in the community demands for an accurate and sensitive test for COVID-19. This review article sheds light on the limited role of different imaging modalities in diagnosing and managing COVID-19.

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