DISCOVERIES REPORTS (ISSN 2393249X), 2022, volume 5
CITATION: Dindere ME, Bucur O. Cancer detection during surgery: FDA-approved use of pafolacianine. Discoveries Reports 2022; 5(2): e30. DOI: 10.15190/drep.2022.4
Cancer detection during surgery: FDA-approved use of pafolacianine
Mihaela Elisabeta Dindere1,2, Octavian Bucur1,3,*
1Victor Babes National Institute of Pathology, Bucharest, Romania
2Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
3Viron Molecular Medicine Institute, Boston, MA, USA
* Corresponding author: Octavian Bucur, MD, PhD, Next Generation Pathology Group, Victor Babes National Institute of Pathology, Bucharest, Romania and Viron Molecular Medicine Institute, Boston, MA 02108, USA; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
While cancer is on the rise, surgeons have limited reliable tools for intraoperative tumor detection and real-time margin assessment. The incomplete resection of the malignant lesions often leads to increased recurrence rate and ulterior interventions, as the surgeon must identify the cancer tissues mostly by inspection and palpation. Currently, the progress in finding novel tumor-specific tracers used for intraoperative molecular imaging came just in time with the advances of surgery towards minimally invasive operative approaches. Therefore, the FDA approval of pafolacianine, a FRα binding fluorescent agent used for near-infrared imaging in ovarian cancer patients, represents a step closer to achieving radical tumor excision and improved overall outcomes in oncologic patients. To date, numerous studies tested the safety and efficacy of intraoperative molecular imaging with pafolaciane in several types of cancer, but rigorous results are expected to ascertain these optimistic findings in the near future. This review highlights the beneficial use of intraoperative near-infrared imaging with pafolacianine in a wide variety of malignancies, this new developed technique succeeding in improving long-term outcomes in cancer patients by providing enriched tumor detection during surgery, and ultimately, by reducing cancer relapse rate, morbidity and mortality, costs and most importantly, the negative impact on patient survival.
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